This journal article looks at a study conducted in 2007 to evaluate the impact of community directed intervention (CDI) on delivering five health interventions in onchocerciasis endemic districts in Tanzania: Vitamin A supplementation (VAS), community-directed treatment with Ivermectin (CDTi), distribution of insecticide -treated nets (ITN), directly observed treatment of TB (DOTS), and home-based management of Malaria (HMM).
This article examines Directly Observed Therapy (DOT-HAART) provided by CHWs or accompagnateur to HIV patients in Boston and Haiti. The CHWs provide psychosocial support and link the patients to clinical staff and available resources. The article suggests that the accompagnateur model can be applied to other poverty-stricken populations in resource-poor settings.
This study assesses an HIV treatment program in a rural community in Haiti. Utilizing a community based approach with community health workers, the study found that increasing accessibility to HAART drugs in conjunction with community support, the health of a community can improve. The study concludes that utilizing a more-developed world approach can and should be done in order to reach and treat all citizens of the world infected by HIV/AIDS.
Antiretroviral agents are not yet considered essential medications by international public health experts and are not widely used in the poor countries with high HIV prevalence. With the collaboration of Haitian CHWs experienced in the delivery of home-based and directly observed treatment for TB, an AIDS-prevention project was expanded to deliver HAART to a subset of HIV patients deemed most likely to benefit. The study concludes that directly observed therapy (DOT) with HAART can be delivered effectively in poor settings if there is an uninterrupted supply of high-quality drugs.
To meet Millennium Development Goal Five and the reproductive needs of all women, it is predicted that an additional 334,000 midwives are needed. Despite the ongoing efforts to increase this cadre of health workers there are still glaring gaps and inequities in distribution. In countries where there are too few health workers, deployment of midwives (including recruitment and retention) to rural postings is a continuing challenge.