Countries with health workforce shortages are rely on community health workers (CHWs) to extend a diverse set of services to the community. However, there may be a limit to the number of tasks a CHW can perform without causing a severe decline in quality or productivity. This study assessed the viability of an existing program in Iringa, Tanzania in which HIV-focused CHWs working as volunteers received additional training on maternal, newborn and child health promotion; thereby, establishing a new dual CHW model.
There has been a renewed interest in the diverse role Community Health Workers (CHWs) play in the community. This study looks at the impact of an integrated HIV and maternal health program in Tanzania. The objective was to see how the program improved facility promotion and utilization of maternal health services.
Community health workers, or Village Health Teams (VHTs) as they are referred to un Uganda, play a vital role in improving access to community-based health services. This project aimed to understand the versatile role played by VHTs as part of the community and as care providers. It focused on sensitive services, such as reproductive health and HIV care.
The uptake of cervical cancer screening services is low among South Asian women. Multimedia interventions facilitated by community health workers (CHW) offer an approach to improve screening service utilization rates. This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effects of a CHW-led intervention on improving cervical cancer screening uptake in an underprivileged group.
Community based mass drug administration (MDA) has been used as strategy for countering neglected tropical diseases. However, there is little known about what combination of community medicine distributor workload is ideal for attaining high treatment rates (over 65-75%) in villages. This study involved tracking and evaluating routine community-based MDA in the Mayuge district of Uganda. The workloads of different community medicine distributors were used to determine the optimal division of labor for attaining high village treatment rates.
Community health workers (CHWs) play a vital role in provision of maternal and newborn health (MNH) services in low- and middle-income settings. However, a better understanding of the roles CHWs play in each setting: services, responsibilities, training duration and type of renumeration. This study presents information on CHWs providing MNH services in Bangladesh, India, Kenya, Malawi and Nigeria. Data from 23 policy documents, 36 focus group discussions and 131 key information interviews are analyzed and interpreted.
This study assessed knowledge about zika virus among communities in the Dominican Republic. It highlights Charlas, informal discussions lead by community health workers, as the most common source of information about zika virus.
While cancer screening tests are available, Latinos are screened at a lower rate than non-Hispanic whites. This study looked at the effectiveness of an evidence-based community health worker (CHW) intervention which was designed to increase screening rates, knowledge about screening guidelines and awareness about benefits of early detection. The project involved community and clinic-based components primarily targeted at Latino populations.
The rising incidence of stroke is growing into a major public health concern. Yet, there is limited awareness about its risk factors and treatment procedures. This study involved a focus group discussion with Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) in India to understand their level of awareness regarding stroke, its causes, and related treatment procedures.
Miami-Dade County in the state of Florida, USA, faces the largest burden of new HIV infections in the nation. Building off the success of street-based HIV testing carried out by community health workers (CHWs), this study looks at a community-based approach for HIV testing among Black adults. This CHW-led intervention included providing education about risk factor modification, transmission and prevention methods along with HIV testing.