In Zimbabwe Dixon Chibanda, a psychiatrist, created a space called “Friendship Benches” that sets aside medical and technical elements of mental healthcare and engages the community through “grandmothers” or local lay health workers. The grandmothers are trained in a form of cognitive behavioral therapy, but engage their patients in local language which helps reduce stigma associated with mental health in the community. This program was created to address the overwhelming lack of mental healthcare workers in the country. Thus far, the program has reached over 30,000 Zimbabweans. Studies
This is an in-depth review of the effectiveness of CHW programs in Ethiopia, Brazil, and Nepal. The main objective of this report is to provide insight and examples of successful CHW programs for other countries that are looking to build and strengthen their own CHW programs, specifically in the maternal and child health field.
This report summarizes current data from over 140 FHW-supported mHealth projects from developing countries to describe the emergent trends and best practices in the use of mobile phones, tablets, and technical platforms by FHWs over the last decade, understand the key considerations in choosing the type pf phone and platform and associated programmatic costs, present the evidence on the effectiveness of mobile approaches, and establish
a framework for systematically deploying such tools.
Critical shortages in the health workforce in many developing countries - specifically the number, skills and geographic distribution of health workers - pose a significant challenge to the achievement of universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Increasing attention has therefore been focused on the potential of community health workers (CHWs) to expand access to essential health services, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.
The CORE Group’s Tuberculosis Working Group met with global partners and colleague agencies in 2007 to discuss lessons learned in community-based TB treatment. This paper reflects the discussions from that meeting and the lessons that were articulated throughout the two-day long event. It specifically highlights nine project-design challenges at the community level for such TB treatment strategies, including those faced by CHWs and community-based projects.
Presented at the International Social and Behavioral Change Communication Summit in Ethiopia in February 2016, Ainslie’s PowerPoint presentation goes into detail about the COMMIT Program, a behavior change communication project for malaria prevention, treatment, and control in Tanzania. Key to the project is the utilization of Community Change Agents who communicated the project’s goals with various communities throughout Tanzania. This project and platform successfully engaged communities in malaria treatment and prevention.
In 2015, the One Million Community Health Workers (1mCHW) Campaign and mPowering Frontline Health Workers (mPowering) conducted a series of interviews and held an online discussion, hosted on the Healthcare Information for All forum, on the need of improved data on community health workers (CHWs) to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Although CHW programs are prevalent, little formal research has been conducted on CHW training programs or their effectiveness. To begin to address this a literature review was conducted to curate research regarding CHW training programs and curricula. This literature review identifies, synthesizes, and analyzes a wide body of literature related to CHW training in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.