To support quality CHW program design and implementation, USAID, UNICEF, the Community Health Impact Coalition, and Initiatives Inc. have updated and adapted the Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM) Program Functionality Matrix tool. This tool can be applied at district, regional, and national levels to identify and close gaps in design and implementation and, ultimately, enhance program performance.
The planned roll out of the Community Health Extension Worker (CHEW) program in Uganda is set to be implemented in 2018. Based on the Ugandan Ministry of Health’s extensive experience with Village Health Teams in the past decade, this commentary addresses potential challenges that will arise in the implementation of the new CHEW program.
Globally, CHW programs are rapidly expanding; yet questions remain about what makes a successful CHW program. This systematic review synthesizes existing evidence on effective CHW program design and management in health systems.
With the urgency of the HIV and TB epidemics in some low and middle-income countries, prevalent chronic diseases such as hypertension are often neglected by health services. This study assesses whether task-shifting from nurses to lay health workers (LHWs) improves the management of hypertension in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa.
With a shortage of health human resources in Guinea-Bissau, CHWs play an essential role in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood diarrheal diseases. This paper seeks to evaluate the short-term effects of training on CHWs’ performance diagnosing and treating diarrheal diseases in children under 5 years old and the accuracy of such diagnosis at 1 and 3 months after training.
Podcast: Susan Keen, director of the Pathways to Better Health Program, discusses how CHWs are able to assist people with their social and health needs, have a direct impact on improving the overall health of a community, and decrease unnecessary hospitalizations and emergency department visits.
Despite psychiatric disorders contributing to a significant portion of the global disease burden, insufficient access to mental health services is widespread. This study examined its CHW mental health training program, developed in close collaboration with the Western Cape Department of Health, and evaluates the program’s success in improving the knowledge, skill and confidence among trained CHWs and expanding access to mental health services.
This policy brief provides evidence-based recommendations to support community-based CHW services with sufficient resources to address social determinants of health. The goal of these recommendations is to increase the establishment of healthcare policies related to CHW services for communities facing health inequities.