Though a wealth of knowledge and evidence is available on key aspects of CHW programs, critical knowledge gaps remain. To enable the environment for increased evidence-based decision making at the country level, adequate emphasis must be placed on continuing to strengthen the evidence base for CHWs. This paper attempts to identify all CHW knowledge gaps and outlines recommendations for the way in which research should be conducted to enable greater benefit and utilization of results.
This paper, together with the Framework for Partners’ Harmonized Support, proposes complementary operational frameworks through which national and international partners may align their actions with the collective goal to normalize a cadre of community workers and collaborate toward integrated, harmonized program designs rather than competitive, siloed, and parallel interventions.
Fragmentation is one of the main challenges to successful and sustainable CHW scale-up - in terms of programming, the service delivery chain, and the multiplicity of public and private organizations, training, deploying and supporting CHWs. This paper proposes a set of generally agreed guiding principles to support countries and their partners in their efforts to:
A critical shortage of doctors, nurses, and midwives in many sub-Saharan African countries inhibits efforts to expand access to family planning services, especially in rural areas. One way to fill this gap is for community health workers (CHWs) to provide injectable contraceptives, an intervention for which there is growing evidence and international support. This project in Zambia contributes to our understanding of the impact of community-based provision of injectables on method choice and uptake and of the costs of adding DMPA to an established community-based family planning program.
This case study describes the rationale, implementation strategies, achievements and challenges of a programme that created a new cadre of female health workers in the Pakistan health system to address unmet health needs of rural populations and slum dwellers.
This presentation was delivered at the 4th Health Conference on Primary Health Care and Family Health in Brazil.
Building on an overview of the global health workforce challenges, Dr Sheikh outlined short-, medium - and long-term strategies to address health personnel shortages, and analysed the links between the HRH agenda and the revitalisation of primary health care. The potential contribution of community health workers was highlighted. Case studies from Brazil, Ethiopia and Pakistan were also presented.
The report describes how the Government of Ethiopia is attempting to tackle the shortage of health workers, particularly acute in rural areas.
30,000 health extension workers are being trained to be deployed at the community level to deliver essential health services. 5,000 additional health officers will be trained to supervise and support health extension workers.
A challenge faced by many countries is to provide adequate human resources for delivery of essential mental health interventions. The overwhelming worldwide shortage of human resources for mental health, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries, is well established.
The global shortage of skilled, motivated, and supported health workers is universally acknowledged as a key development challenge because it is a critical barrier to strengthening health systems, achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), improving the prospects for universal health coverage, and addressing inequity and poverty. The World Health Report 2006, Working Together for Health, estimated a worldwide shortage of 4.3 million health workers.
The global shortage of skilled, motivated, and supported health workers is universally acknowledged as a barrier to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The World Health Report 2006, “Working Together for Health,” estimated that there is a shortage of 4.3 million health workers in the world.