At the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in July 2016, Dr. Katie Simon presented findings from a study highlighting how community health workers can be utilized to address tuberculosis case detection, which often infects people living with HIV. This study found that intensified tuberculosis case finding (TB ICF) by CHWs was associated with a 20-fold increase in TB case detection at an antiretroviral therapy clinic in Malawi.
Daniel Palazuelos, Partners In Health, and Dr. Kevin Fiori, co-founder of Hope Through Health, discuss Dr. Fiori’s organization and global health. Hope Through Health is an organization dedicated to health care delivery in Togo and faced many challenges in its beginnings, but now successfully utilizes community health workers to empower the community and has increased the capacity of the community to hold the health care system accountable for quality and effective health care.
Pathfinder International Ethiopia has extensive experience implementing family planning (FP)/HIV integration through public health centers (HCs) and community networks. This brief describes Pathfinder's approach and its evolution and scale-up over time. It presents their experience in relation to the recommendations of World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on FP/HIV integration and also outlines next steps and recommendations
Although Côte d’Ivoire has seen an overall downward trend in HIV prevalence rates over the past decade thanks to more robust and effective HIV/AIDS prevention programming, over 50 percent of adults and children who are HIV-positive have yet to receive antiretroviral therapy, according to UNAIDS estimates. Inadequate numbers of health workers, as well as their uneven distribution throughout the country, are significant barriers to the scale-up of HIV treatment.
CHWs provide critical health services to populations that lack access to services at health facilities. Well-trained and supplied CHWs can have positive impacts on health, but little is known about the adequacy, cost, or effectiveness of training models to prepare CHWs. This report analyzes key pieces of literature on CHW training and provides recommendations and next steps on how to improve CHW training.
Globally, mental health disorders, including harmful alcohol and substance use, are the leading causes of years lost to disability, accounting for up to 189 million disability-adjusted life years annually. Depression accounts for up to 50% of disability-adjusted life years caused by mental health disorders, while alcohol and substance use accounts for up to 10%. It is estimated that people living with HIV (PLWH) are more than twice as likely to experience a mental health disorder.
As a part of World Vision's Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) Project Model Orientation Series, this webinar shares iCCM-focused strategies to effectively address health challenges experienced by mothers, children, and populations impacted by HIV and AIDS, and address WASH issues.
The webinar includes information about iCCM, World Vision's approach using an iCCM strategy, preparatory and operational tools, the global status of iCCM in World Vision, and a financing model for iCCM.
World Vision's Timed and Targeted Counselling for Health and Nutrition (ttC) is a comprehensive training course for CHWs, Care Groups and volunteers working in maternal and child health. ttC takes a life-cycle approach, supporting through pregnancy to two years of age, which offers the best opportunity to put children on a path to life-long health.
In Kenya, primary healthcare (PHC) providers (mainly clinical officers and nurses) at health facilities and community health workers (CHWs) in the field are required to integrate oral care of HIV patients into the PHC system. However, these health workers have not been educated on oral diseases. Detecting Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) related orofacial lesions (HROLs) as part of their community duties would increase the probability of early identification of HIV-infected people and those developing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) resistance.
The Millennium Villages Project (MVP) implemented in Western Kenya a mobile Health tool that uses text messages to coordinate Community Health Worker (CHW) activities around antenatal care (ANC) and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT), named the ANC/PMTCT Adherence System (APAS). End-user changes in health-seeking behavior in ANC and postnatal care (PNC) were investigated following registration of 800 women into APAS.