Video Spotlight

"'I'm a Health Worker' - Abduaraman Gidi" made by IntraHealth International.

Impact of lay health worker programmes on the health outcomes of mother-child pairs of HIV exposed children in Africa: A scoping review

In countries with a heavy burden of HIV, the demand for healthcare services is often met with a dearth of health workers. This has led to a need for task shifting of lay health workers (LHWs) to improve healthcare delivery. This approach has been particularly successful in the case of maternal and childcare (MCH). This review examines the impact of LHWs in improving health outcomes in Women Living with HIV (WLH) and their HIV exposed infants (HEIs).

Qualitative assessment of facilitators and barriers to HIV programme implementation by community health workers in Mopani district, South Africa

South Africa has implemented a community-based HIV programme (CBHP) as part of its strategy to re-engineer its primary healthcare (PHC) delivery systems. This article consists of insights gathered from focus group discussions with community health workers (CHWs) and PHC nurses in order to understand the barriers and facilitating factors related to successful implementation of CBHP.

“Being seen” at the clinic: Zambian and South African health worker reflections on the relationship between health facility spatial organisation and items and HIV stigma in 21 health facilities, the HPTN 071 (PopART) study

In this article, the authors assess the relationship between the spatial organization of healthcare services and the stigmatization of people living with HIV in Zambia and South Africa. CHWs were involved in collecting data and providing their own insights into how patients experience facility spaces. 

The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog

The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog is a one-stop ‘shop’ for information on community health policies and programs across 25 countries, including extensive information on CHWs. Developed in 2014 and updated in 2017, it provides policymakers, program managers, researchers and donors with policy data to advance community health research, programming, and advocacy efforts. The CHS Catalog includes 25 country profiles, a set of infographics, and a summary of cross-country policy and program trends.

The role of community health workers in supporting South Africa’s HIV/ AIDS treatment programme

This paper explores the role of CHWs in supporting South Africa’s HIV/AID treatment program. Interviews were conducted to examine the perceptions and experiences of CHWs who care for HIV/AIDS patients in anti-retroviral treatment (ART).

Can lay health workers support the management of hypertension? Findings of a cluster randomised trial in South Africa

With the urgency of the HIV and TB epidemics in some low and middle-income countries, prevalent chronic diseases such as hypertension are often neglected by health services. This study assesses whether task-shifting from nurses to lay health workers (LHWs) improves the management of hypertension in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa.

Ethics of task shifting in the health workforce: exploring the role of community health workers in HIV service delivery in low- and middle-income countries

Task-shifting among CHWs addresses human resource shortages that have an affect on HIV service delivery in low-and-middle-income countries. Despite evidence on the positive outcomes CHWs bring to HIV programs, little is known about the challenges CHWs face in HIV service provision. This study addresses this knowledge gap by examining the ethical challenges that CHWs face in in low-and-middle-income countries.

Harmonizing community-based health worker programs for HIV: a narrative review and analytic framework

This narrative review covers literature on the harmonization of CHW programs for HIV. Additionally, the paper provides a potential analytic framework for harmonizing CHW programs addressing HIV.

Book: Healthy Lives for Vulnerable Women and Children: Applying Health Systems Research

Tremendous challenges remain to ensure that the most vulnerable populations, including women, children, and adolescents, are able to enjoy the healthy lives and well-being promised in the Sustainable Development Goals. Much of their poor health is caused by poverty, gender, lack of education, and social marginalization as well as inaccessible healthcare services. Strong, equitable, and well-governed health systems can contribute to sustainably improving their lives.

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