In this article, the authors assess the relationship between the spatial organization of healthcare services and the stigmatization of people living with HIV in Zambia and South Africa. CHWs were involved in collecting data and providing their own insights into how patients experience facility spaces.
The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog is a one-stop ‘shop’ for information on community health policies and programs across 25 countries, including extensive information on CHWs. Developed in 2014 and updated in 2017, it provides policymakers, program managers, researchers and donors with policy data to advance community health research, programming, and advocacy efforts. The CHS Catalog includes 25 country profiles, a set of infographics, and a summary of cross-country policy and program trends.
This paper explores the role of CHWs in supporting South Africa’s HIV/AID treatment program. Interviews were conducted to examine the perceptions and experiences of CHWs who care for HIV/AIDS patients in anti-retroviral treatment (ART).
With the urgency of the HIV and TB epidemics in some low and middle-income countries, prevalent chronic diseases such as hypertension are often neglected by health services. This study assesses whether task-shifting from nurses to lay health workers (LHWs) improves the management of hypertension in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa.
Task-shifting among CHWs addresses human resource shortages that have an affect on HIV service delivery in low-and-middle-income countries. Despite evidence on the positive outcomes CHWs bring to HIV programs, little is known about the challenges CHWs face in HIV service provision. This study addresses this knowledge gap by examining the ethical challenges that CHWs face in in low-and-middle-income countries.
Tremendous challenges remain to ensure that the most vulnerable populations, including women, children, and adolescents, are able to enjoy the healthy lives and well-being promised in the Sustainable Development Goals. Much of their poor health is caused by poverty, gender, lack of education, and social marginalization as well as inaccessible healthcare services. Strong, equitable, and well-governed health systems can contribute to sustainably improving their lives.
During the 29th African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, heads of state endorsed two new initiatives to end AIDS by 2030. The first is the community health workers initiative which aims to train and deploy 2 million CHWs to work towards increasing the number of people who know their HIV status, who have access to treatment, and who are on treatment with suppressed viral loads. The initiative is based on substantial evidence that CHWs provide quality care and reduce costs for health delivery. The second initiative is the western and central Africa catch-up plan, which aims to accele
At the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa in July 2016, Dr. Katie Simon presented findings from a study highlighting how community health workers can be utilized to address tuberculosis case detection, which often infects people living with HIV. This study found that intensified tuberculosis case finding (TB ICF) by CHWs was associated with a 20-fold increase in TB case detection at an antiretroviral therapy clinic in Malawi.