In 2013, the Zambian Ministry of Health distributed over two million insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) using a door-to-door distribution strategy, and distributed more than six million ITNs in 2014. This research study measures attendance rates at community point distribution and examines the impact of follow-up community health worker visits on ITN retention and usage. This data has potential to inform ITN distribution strategies in Zambia.
The FCHV Program in Nepal was initiated in 1988/89 with the goal of supporting national health through community involvement. Currently there are 52,000 FCHVs with varying roles and responsibilities related to health. This presentation discusses the 2014 survey aimed at understanding FCHVs perceptions of their work, as well as the communities’ perceptions of FCHVs. Using a mixed methods strategy, researchers conducted a cross-sectional assessment of 13 domains in Nepal.
Results from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Family Advancement for Life and Health project (FALAH), implemented from 2008-2012, show that the inclusion of men in family planning (FP) efforts is a feasible and effective intervention to help shift attitudes and behaviours in Pakistan and perhaps in other countries in the region and globally as well. This brief presents findings of a case study of FALAH's male engagement component and its contributions to these results.
This paper explores the effectiveness of child health interventions and how to improve health care access for children, mothers, and caregivers. Multi-sectoral approaches, including utilization of community-based programming and community health workers, can help extend the reach of health care to these populations.
The CORE Group’s Tuberculosis Working Group met with global partners and colleague agencies in 2007 to discuss lessons learned in community-based TB treatment. This paper reflects the discussions from that meeting and the lessons that were articulated throughout the two-day long event. It specifically highlights nine project-design challenges at the community level for such TB treatment strategies, including those faced by CHWs and community-based projects.
Presented at the International Social and Behavioral Change Communication Summit in Ethiopia in February 2016, Ainslie’s PowerPoint presentation goes into detail about the COMMIT Program, a behavior change communication project for malaria prevention, treatment, and control in Tanzania. Key to the project is the utilization of Community Change Agents who communicated the project’s goals with various communities throughout Tanzania. This project and platform successfully engaged communities in malaria treatment and prevention.
In order to achieve health for all by 2020, the government of Trinidad and Tobago emphasizes the promotion, protection, and improvement of its citizen’s health status by involving the community. For small island countries, community participation is key to capacity building and empowers people to take part in community development. This paper discusses community participation’s role and scope in implementation of primary health care in Trinidad and Tobago.
Close-to-community (CTC) providers can help actualize universal health coverage and support the sustainable development goals, as described by a series of Human Resources for Health papers recently published. This editorial discusses the role of CTC providers in the community, strategies of support, and the necessity of such programs for improving health care coverage across the globe. In order to accomplish this, more research should be conducted to inform CTC provider programs how to best approach different contexts and provide quality health care.
Case studies in eleven countries including Zambia, Armenia, and Senegal, utilized World Vision’s social accountability approach, Citizen Voice and Action (CVA), to address public service improvement. This approach aims to link community members and organizations with each other and also to link these communities with service providers, local governments, and national policies. CVA empowers communities to influence and improve access to quality public services such as health, education, and child protection.
Deployment of resident female Community Health Extension Workers (CHEWs) to a remote rural community led to major and sustained increases in service utilization, including antenatal care and facility-based deliveries.
Key components for success include:
1) providing an additional rural residence allowance to help recruit and retain CHEWs;
2) posting the female CHEWs in pairs to avoid isolation and provide mutual support;
3) ensuring supplies and transportation means for home visits; and
4) allowing CHEWs to perform deliveries.