The general focus of community based antiretroviral therapy is on drug refills, adherence and support groups. Due to this focus, laboratory services including blood draw are often neglected. This paper presents results from focus group discussions among community antiretroviral therapy members and community health workers and looks for positive perceptions regarding improving phlebotomy practices.
In this article, the authors assess the relationship between the spatial organization of healthcare services and the stigmatization of people living with HIV in Zambia and South Africa. CHWs were involved in collecting data and providing their own insights into how patients experience facility spaces.
To support quality CHW program design and implementation, USAID, UNICEF, the Community Health Impact Coalition, and Initiatives Inc. have updated and adapted the Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM) Program Functionality Matrix tool. This tool can be applied at district, regional, and national levels to identify and close gaps in design and implementation and, ultimately, enhance program performance.
The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog is a one-stop ‘shop’ for information on community health policies and programs across 25 countries, including extensive information on CHWs. Developed in 2014 and updated in 2017, it provides policymakers, program managers, researchers and donors with policy data to advance community health research, programming, and advocacy efforts. The CHS Catalog includes 25 country profiles, a set of infographics, and a summary of cross-country policy and program trends.
A report written by the Clinton Health Access Initiative in Zambia detailing key gaps in supervision and mentorship in Zambia's Community Health Assistants Program and presenting practical recommendations to address them.
This paper discusses the implementation of a mobile-based community health management information system for community health workers (CHWs) and their supervisors in Zambia. CHWs provided weekly updates to supervisors and received feedback through the mobile application.
This paper outlines the outcomes in the coverage of maternal and neonatal health after the implementation of a community-based intervention called Safe Motherhood Action Groups in four districts in Zambia.
This brief is an outline of Zambia’s community health assistant (CHA) program detailing the impact of a nationwide salaried cadre of CHWs. The report includes how CHAs are recruited, trained, and deployed in rural areas of Zambia. The impact of CHA programs was found to include: task shifting and uptake of services, evidence-based strategies to recruit high performance CHAs and increased the volume of health services in rural areas by expanding basic access to health services.
In 2012, a new cadre of Community Health Assistants (CHAs) were deployed as part of Zambia’s National Community Health Strategy. This study aims to evaluate the impact CHAs have on the volume and type of health services provided. Results show that the addition of CHAs in rural areas increased health service provision shifting the burden of basic health services away from more highly trained health workers. This allows policymakers to improve access to care with constrained budgets.
To improve healthcare access in rural areas, in 2010 the Government of Zambia implemented a national CHW strategy that introduced a new cadre of healthcare workers called community health assistants (CHAs). After 1 year of training the pilot class of 307 CHAs were deployed in September 2012. This paper presents findings from a process evaluation of the barriers and facilitators of implementation of the CHA pilot, along with how evidence was used to guide ongoing implementation and scale-up decisions.