Video Spotlight

"'I'm a Health Worker' - Abduaraman Gidi" made by IntraHealth International.

Optimising the performance of frontline implementers engaged in the NTD programme in Nigeria: lessons for strengthening community health systems for universal health coverage

Successful attainment of Neglected Tropical Disease goals and other health interventions depends on maximizing frontline implementers’ performance. This study aimed to capture and translate knowledge, problems and solutions, identified by implementers, to enhance NTD program delivery at the community level in Nigeria.

The roles of community health workers who provide maternal and newborn health services: case studies from Africa and Asia.

Community health workers (CHWs) play a vital role in provision of maternal and newborn health (MNH) services in low- and middle-income settings. However, a better understanding of the roles CHWs play in each setting: services, responsibilities, training duration and type of renumeration. This study presents information on CHWs providing MNH services in Bangladesh, India, Kenya, Malawi and Nigeria. Data from 23 policy documents, 36 focus group discussions and 131 key information interviews are analyzed and interpreted.

Dealing with context in logic model development: Reflections from a realist evaluation of a community health worker programme in Nigeria

The authors in this article assess the extent to which community health worker programs improve access to maternity services. They use the integration of contextual factors into a logic model to frame the assessment and argue that the logic model can serve as an analytical tool rather than an end in itself.

“They do not see us as one of them”: a qualitative exploration of mentor mothers’ working relationships with healthcare workers in rural North-Central Nigeria

Mentor mothers (MMs) are HIV positive women who provide support to other women living with HIV, particularly in the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This qualitative study explores the experiences, working conditions, and relationships between MMs and health workers in Nigeria.

Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM): Updated Program Functionality Matrix for Optimizing Community Health Programs

To support quality CHW program design and implementation, USAID, UNICEF, the Community Health Impact Coalition, and Initiatives Inc. have updated and adapted the Community Health Worker Assessment and Improvement Matrix (CHW AIM) Program Functionality Matrix tool. This tool can be applied at district, regional, and national levels to identify and close gaps in design and implementation and, ultimately, enhance program performance.

The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog

The Community Health Systems (CHS) Catalog is a one-stop ‘shop’ for information on community health policies and programs across 25 countries, including extensive information on CHWs. Developed in 2014 and updated in 2017, it provides policymakers, program managers, researchers and donors with policy data to advance community health research, programming, and advocacy efforts. The CHS Catalog includes 25 country profiles, a set of infographics, and a summary of cross-country policy and program trends.

Book: Healthy Lives for Vulnerable Women and Children: Applying Health Systems Research

Tremendous challenges remain to ensure that the most vulnerable populations, including women, children, and adolescents, are able to enjoy the healthy lives and well-being promised in the Sustainable Development Goals. Much of their poor health is caused by poverty, gender, lack of education, and social marginalization as well as inaccessible healthcare services. Strong, equitable, and well-governed health systems can contribute to sustainably improving their lives.

Community health workers’ knowledge and practice in relation to pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria: an essential bridge to maternal survival

Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detection and treatment have been instrumental in reducing case fatality in high-income countries. This study was part of a multi-country evaluation of community treatment of pre-eclampsia to determine community health workers' knowledge and practice in the identification and treatment of pre-eclampsia, as they are essential providers of maternal care services in Nigeria. 
 

Human resource constraints and the prospect of task-sharing among community health workers for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria

Task-sharing expands the responsibilities of low-cadre health workers and allows them to share these responsibilities with highly qualified healthcare providers in an effort to best utilize available human resources. This study is part of a larger community-based trial evaluating the acceptability of community treatment for severe pre-eclampsia and examines the prospect for task-sharing among community health extension workers (CHEW) for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria. 

Industrial action by healthcare workers in Nigeria in 2013–2015: an inquiry into causes, consequences and control—a cross-sectional descriptive study

In the past 36 months, Nigeria has suffered several healthcare workers’ strikes, resulting in decreased access to quality healthcare for Nigerians. The researchers in this study aimed to identify the root cause(s) for these strikes and determine potential solutions. 150 Nigerian healthcare workers participated in a cross-sectional survey and questionnaire to reveal reasons for the strikes. Findings concluded that increased salaries and wages were among the most common reasons for strikes, though other issues were discussed as well. 

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