This review examines evidence from randomized control trials (RCT) on CHW interventions in integrated management of childhood illnesses in low and middle income countries from a realist perspective with the aim of seeing if they can yield insight into the working of the interventions, when examined from a different perspective. Interventions to improve CHW performance included: ‘Skills based training of CHW’, ‘Supervision and referral support from public health services’, and ‘Positioning of CHW in the community’.
This report discusses the renewed interest in the potential contribution of community health workers to child survival. CHWs can undertake various tasks, including case management of childhood illnesses (e.g., pneumonia, malaria, and neonatal sepsis) and delivery of preventive interventions such as immunisation, promotion of healthy behaviour, and mobilisation of communities. Several trials show substantial reductions in child mortality, particularly through community case management of ill children.
This field guide is designed for health program directors and managers of community-based programs who are considering using community mobilization to improve health at the individual, family, and community level. The field guide contains illustrative examples and lessons learned in community mobilization experiences from around the world, focusing on working with disadvantaged or marginalized groups in developing countries.
Volunteers are essential to many organizations. This guide is designed to help country programs address programmatic issues surrounding volunteer engagement such as: roles and responsibilities, incentives, recruitment, training and supervision. It includes checklists, tools and frameworks that can be adapted to local contexts to help organizations standardize how they work with volunteers.
This report reviews World Vision's training and support for peer educators in a school-based peer-led HIV prevention programme in three provinces of South Africa. The methodology is based on the Centre for the Support of Peer Education (CSPE) philosophy which encourages the use of peer educators to reach beneficiaries. Lessons learned are presented.
Facts for Life provides essential information on how to prevent child and maternal deaths, diseases, injuries and violence. Written in simple language, the messages are based on the latest scientific findings by medical and child development experts around the world. The contents can promote dialogue, learning, communication and action among children, youth, families, communities, and social networks.
This document describes the Isibindi Model which uses community-based child and youth care workers in communities in an innovative team outreach program to support children and families affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The aim is to enable children and youth to acquire skills that will increase their competency in their living environment and facilitate emotional support to children and youth.
This study reviews research on CHW programs and concludes there is an inconsistent reporting of selection and training processes for CHWs in the existing literature. It presents a conceptual model for the role development of CHWs to guide future reporting of CHW programs in the intervention literature.
CHWs provide health education, referral and follow up, case management, and basic preventive health care and home visiting services to specific communities. They provide support and assistance to individuals and families in navigating the health and social services system.
Community Health Workers (CHWs) provide a critical and essential link with health systems and are a powerful force for promoting healthy behaviors in resource-constrained settings. During the past decade, there has been an explosion of evidence and interest concerning community health workers and their potential for improving the health of populations where health workforce resources are limited.